Research On Tools

  • Bodrova, E. & Leong, D. (1998).  Scaffolding Emergent Writing in the Zone of Proximal Development.  Literacy Teaching and Learning, 3 (2), 1-18.
    Available Online
  • Bodrova, E., & Leong, D. J. (2001). Tools of the Mind: A Case Study of Implementing the Vygotskian Approach in American Early Childhood and Primary Classrooms. Innodata Monographs 7.
    Available Online
  • Diamond, A., Barnett, W. S., Thomas, J., & Munro, S. (2007). Preschool program improves cognitive control. Science (New York, NY), 318(5855), 1387.
    Available Online
  • Barnett, W. S., Jung, K., Yarosz, D. J., Thomas, J., Hornbeck, A., Stechuk, R., & Burns, S. (2008). Educational effects of the Tools of the Mind curriculum: A randomized trial. Early childhood research quarterly, 23(3), 299-313.
    Available Online
  • Imholz, S., & Petrosino, A. (2012). Teacher observations on the implementation of the tools of the mind curriculum in the classroom: Analysis of interviews conducted over a one-year period. Creative Education, 3(02), 185-192
    Available Online
  • Blair, C., & Raver, C. C. (2014). Closing the achievement gap through modification of neurocognitive and neuroendocrine function: Results from a cluster randomized controlled trial of an innovative approach to the education of children in kindergarten.
    Available Online
  • Millaway, S. A. (2015). Impact of Tools of the Mind On Middle School Achievement
    Abstract Available Online